Alternatives to the Word ‘But’ for Academic Writing
Anne might not be the most celebrated Brontë, but she was on to something in The Tenant of Wildfell Hall, in which the titular tenant notes that ‘there is always a ‘but’ in this imperfect world’.
With short words like ‘but’, you shouldn’t worry too much about repetition. Nevertheless, sometimes using an alternative (like ‘nevertheless’) can improve the flow of your prose, so herein we provide a few alternatives to the word ‘but’ that you can use in your written work.
Conjunctions are words used to connect two parts of a sentence, such as ‘but’, ‘and’ and ‘because’. The term ‘but’ connects two parts of a sentence while also setting up a contrast (e.g. ‘It was delicious, but the texture was awful’). In these cases, ‘but’ can be substituted with one of the following:
- Although (e.g. ‘I love dancing, although my feet hurt afterwards.’)
- Though (e.g. ‘I haven’t slept in a week, though I hope tonight I can rest properly.’)
- Yet (e.g. ‘It was terrible, yet I still want to go back and try again.’)
As well as conjunctions, you can link and contrast two ideas with an adverb or an adverbial phrase. Perhaps the most commonly used of these is ‘however’, so we will use this to illustrate how these words can substitute for ‘but’.
The key difference here is that while conjunctions typically link two clauses in one sentence, adverbials like ‘however’ are used to set up a contrast between two separate sentences:
Conjunction: I love dancing, but my feet hurt afterwards.
Adverbial: I love dancing. However, my feet hurt afterwards.
As you can see, this can be very handy when you want to begin a new sentence with a contrasting point, since ‘but’ generally shouldn’t be used at the start of a sentence. Having said this, the term ‘however’ can also appear mid-sentence or after a semicolon:
It was terrible. I still, however, want to go back.
It was terrible; however, I still want to go back.
Other adverbials that can be used to replace but include:
- Nonetheless (e.g. ‘I ran as fast as I could; nonetheless, the horse won the race.’)
- Nevertheless (e.g. ‘It seemed like a mad idea. Nevertheless, it worked.’)
- Despite this (e.g. ‘I prepared for the exam thoroughly. Despite this, I failed.’)
- Having said that (e.g. ‘I will never drink again. Having said that, pass me a beer.’)
As a final point, one alternative to ‘but’ you might see is ‘on the other hand’. Ideally, though, this should only be used when the initial point has been introduced with ‘On the one hand’:
On the one hand, I did break everything. One the other hand, it was my birthday, so you should forgive me.