How to Cite a Website in IEEE Referencing

How to Cite a Website in IEEE Referencing

With so much information available online these days, it is vital to know how to cite online sources. In this post, then, we’re looking at how to cite a website in an essay or paper using IEEE referencing.

Referencing a Website with In-Text Citations

In IEEE referencing, you cite sources with a number in the text. These numbers each point to a different source in the reference list:

The internet relies on standardised communication protocols [1].

Number sources in the order that you first cite them. The source in the example above, for instance, would be the first source cited in the document and the first source in the reference list. And if you cite a website more than once, make sure to use the same number in each citation.

As shown above, you will usually give citations at the end of a clause before terminal punctuation. However, if you name the author in your writing, you should give the citation number immediately afterwards:

Rouse [1] identifies TCP/IP as key for networking devices.

This clearly shows the connection between author and source.

Listing a Website in an IEEE Reference List

The reference list is where you provide full information for every source you use. If you cite a website, this means using the following format:

[#] INITIAL(S). Surname, ‘Page Title’, Website Name, date of publication. [Online]. Available: URL. [Accessed Date].

In practice, then, the entry for an online source would look like this:

[1] M. Rouse, ‘TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol)’, SearchNetworking, Aug. 2017. [Online]. Available: https://searchnetworking.techtarget.com/definition/TCP-IP. [Accessed 19 Sept., 2018].

Usually, you will find all this information if you look closely enough. However, IEEE does supply rules for handling missing information:

  • If a page does not name its author, use an organisational author (e.g. the publishing company or the overall website). If no organisational author is available, use the source title in its place in the reference list entry.
  • The date of publication can be the date the page went online or when it was last updated. If neither is available, use the abbreviation ‘n.d.’ instead.

Finally, don’t forget to include a hanging indent for each line after the first in each reference list entry, as this is required in IEEE referencing.

And if you need any help checking the referencing in your work, let us know.

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