The words ‘complacent’ and ‘complaisant’ are homophones: words that sound similar but have different meanings. To ensure you use them both correctly in your writing, check out our guide on what they mean below.
Complacent (Being Overly Self-Satisfied)
‘Complacent’ is an adjective that refers to being so self-satisfied or confident that you are unaware of potential dangers or deficiencies. For example:
She had been warned there were snakes in the long grass, but she became complacent after a few days and decided to wear sandals rather than boots.
Undeserved praise from her boss made her complacent.
The noun form of this word, meanwhile, is ‘complacency’.
Complaisant (Being Willing to Please)
‘Complaisant’ is an adjective meaning ‘willing to please others or oblige’:
People often took advantage of her complaisant nature.
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The complaisant child always gave his snacks away to his classmates.
Although these adjectives sound similar, they have different meanings:
Complacent refers to being so self-satisfied that you’re blind to risk or danger.
Complaisant refers to being willing to please others.
‘Complacent’ is by far the most common of these terms, so it’s likely that you’ll need this spelling more often than ‘complaisant’. However, if you struggle to tell these spellings apart, remember that if a person is ‘complacent’, they believe that they are guaranteed to ‘ace’ something, and both of these words are spelled with a ‘c’.
If you can remember this, you will know to use ‘complaisant’, spelled with an ‘s’, in other instances. Hopefully, this will help you to avoid mixing these words up in your writing. And if you’d like more advice on your spelling or word choice, try our proofreading service by uploading a trial document for free today!